If Gazprom's skyscraper distorts the historical view of the city, UNESCO might strike St. Petersburg from its World Heritage List. In Russia's northern capital, authorities have given Gazprom the green light to build its proposed skyscraper in St. Petersburg's Primorsky District. The decision has not only outraged a number of the city's residents but has also drawn the attention of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). There are concerns that the 472-meter-tall building, which is the center-piece of Gazprom's future business complex, might mar the historical panorama of the city's center and disrupt the architectural integrity of St. Petersburg.
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Lakhta Center, Okhta Center
Currently, UNESCO's representatives are waiting for an official evaluation of the building's potential impact on the overall image of the cultural heritage site. Chairman of the World Heritage Committee Eleonora Mitrofanova told Izvestia: "Before making a decision to approve the project, the authorities of St. Petersburg should submit a relevant document to UNESCO. The authorities must try to prove to us that no damage will be done to the objects of cultural heritage. If we receive too many public protests, a special UNESCO mission is set to consider the issue on site."
UNESCO Might Take Extreme Measures.If the historical integrity of St. Petersburg is found to be violated by the Gazprom construction project, UNESCO might take extreme measures.
"It's a measure of last resort which could be taken by the organization," said Victoria Kalinina, Russia's official UNESCO representative in France. "Previously, this has only happened once. Such a decision was made last fall about Dresden's center. The reason was that the Germans changed the historic center of the city, let's say, not in the best way."
An experience similar to that of Dresden's may be in store for St. Petersburg if a special expert commission decides that the image of the historical center has been distorted. "Such decisions are not taken overnight," says Kalinina. The process may be lengthy and the relevant authorities usually receive a number of official warnings from UNESCO beforehand. "UNESCO has not yet made any harsh warnings because the project is not located in the cultural heritage area or its buffer zones," Mitrofanova adds.
Architecture experts say that the Lakhta Center's new design does not much differ from the original, controversial office building that was planned for Gazprom at the Okhta site. Yury Volchok, architectural historian and professor at Moscow Architectural Institute, told Izvestia: "The situation with the Okhta Center repeats itself. The construction site was moved to the Primorsky District, which is not considered a part of the historical center, so it is easier to get the construction permit there. However, Russian legislation protects not only buildings but also city views."
Volchok's point is this: the skyscrapers' designers have moved the construction site from Okhta to Lakhta, but a modern skyscraper will nevertheless be visible from many parts of the city. In any event, Gazprom's tower is unlikely to blend in with the city's historical center.